Friday, July 22, 2005

Tentang National Identification Number di Beberapa Negara

National Identification Number di Beberapa Negara adalah sebagai berikut ini :
Dibawah ini merupakan ulasan singkat mengenai jumlah digit pada penomorannya dan penggunaan "basis penomoran". Basis penomoran di beberapa negara bermacam-macam antara lain : tanggal lahir/person, acak random, male or female, dan lain-lain.
Di Indonesia, menggunakan apakah sebagai basisnya?.
Orang/Person, ataukah yang lainnya yang dapat memberikan nilai khusus dalam pembentukannya?. Bidang tanah misalnya? dikaitkan dengan siapa orang yang memiliki bidang tanah misalnya? pada waktu "pembentukannya".


Indonesia : ?

Australia
Di Australia di sebut dengan TFN (Tax File Number) yang di terbitkan oleh ATO (Austarlian
taxation Office).
Jumlah Digit : 8 atau 9 Digit
Formula :

United Kingdom
Sejak tahun 2003 mulai dikenalkan dengan British national identity card

terkait dengan pajak dan social security. disebut dengan National Insurance terkait
Formula : XX123456X
XX : Dua abjad
123456 : 6 digit nomor
X : 1 abjad


Denmark
Disebut dengan CPR-Number/CPR-nummero
Formula : xxxxxx-xxxx
10 digit

Canada
Disebut dengan Social Insurance Number (SIN) dibuat sejak tahun 1964
Formula : XXX-XXX-XXX
Jumlah : 9 digit

Prancis
disebur dengan INSEE number
karakteristiknya sebagai berikut (courtesy of wikipedia):
INSEE numbers (13 digits + a two-digit key), often known as Social Security numbers, are
given to people.Their format is as follows: syymmlllllooo kk, where
s is 1 for a male, 2 for a female,
yy are the last two digits of the year of birth,
mm is the month of birth,
lllll is the COG for the location of birth,
ooo is an order number to distinguish people being born at the same place in the same year
and month.
'kk' is the "control key", equal to 97-(the rest of the number modulo 97).There are exceptions
for people in particular situations. [1]

Finlandia
disebut dengan "Personal ID number" (Sosiaaliturvatunnus, or SOTU)
Formula : DDMMYYCZZZQ
DDMMYY : tanggal lahir/bulan/tahun
C : abad nomor dikeluarkan (abad 19,abad 20, abad 21),
ZZZ : nomor identitas (even for males, odd for females),
Q : parity character. For example, 311280-999J.

Italia
Formula : disebut dengan "Codice fiscale"
"SSSNNNYYMDDZZZZX", where: SSS are the first three consonants in the family name (the first vowel and possibly an X are used if there are not enough consonants); NNN is the first name, of which the first, third and fourth consonants are used—exceptions are handled as in family names; YY are the last digits of the birth year; M is the letter for the month of birth—letters are used in alphabetical order, but letters I, J, K, N, O, Q and letters after T are not used (thus, January is A but October is R); DD is the day of the month of birth—in order to differentiate between genders, 40 is added to the day of birth for women (thus a woman born on May 3 has ...E43...); ZZZZ is an area code specific to the municipality where the person was born—country-wide codes are used for foreign countries; X is a parity character as calculated by adding together characters in the even and odd positions, and dividing them by 26.

Jerman
disebut dengan ("Personalausweis")
Karakteristik :

Irlandia
disebut dengan Personal Public Service Number (PPS No)
Formula : 1234567A


Malaysia
disebut dengan IC (Identification Number)
12 Digit. tahun dikeluarkan 1 Januari 2004
ddmmyy : tanggal lahir/bulan/tahun
xxxxxxx : odd number for males, while an even number is given for females.

Selandia Baru
dikeluarkan oleh IRD (Ireland Revenue Departement)

Norwegia
disebut dengan "Personal ID-number atau "'birth number' and 'personal number".
karakteristik :
has eleven digits. The first six gives the date of birth in the format ddmmyy, while the last five is the actual personal number. The first three numbers of the personal number (i.e., the seventh to ninth in the full number) is called the individual number; a number between 000 and 499 indicates that the person was born after the year 1900, a number between 500 and 749 indicates that the person was born before 1900, while the numbers between 750 and 999 is reserved for special purposes like adoptions from abroad, immigrants and so on. The third number in the personal number (the ninth in the full number) indicates gender; males have even numbers while female has odd numbers. The last two numbers are control numbers, allowing for a relatively easy control if the number is valid or not.

Polandia
disebut dengan PESEL (Powszechny Elektroniczny System Ewidencji Ludności).
karakteristik :
DDMMYYZZZXQ
DDMMYY : tanggal lahir
ZZZ : personal identification number
X : denotes sex (even for females, odd for males)
Q : parity number

Slovakia
memiliki dua sistem nomor yaitu dengan karakteristik sebagai berikut ini :
"The first one being a so called Birth Number (Rodné číslo, RČ), issued at birth by the civic records authority (matrika) and recorded to the birth certificate. It takes the form YYMMDD/XXXX. YYMMDD representing the date of your birth and XXXX the four-digit distinctive code (unique to every individual born the given date). For feminine sex there is a value of 50 to be added to MM. (e.g., Diana born on 22.2.2002 would have 025222/0001 for BN but Peter would have been given the 020222/0001 instead). As this system is obviously not meant to provide a unique identificator (the numbers are repeated every century) it is thought to be replaced by meaningless identificator in the near future. The second system is the Citizen's Identification Card Number (Číslo občianskeho preukazu, ČOP) which takes the form of AA XXXXXX (A-alphabetic, X-numeric) for ID cards issued in present time. Identification Cards are issued by the state authorities (police) at 15 years of age for every citizen. As opposed to Birth Number this identificator is likely to change over the citizen's lifetime for various reaso

1 comment:

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